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Gradually, pasturelands are being converted into other land uses or enclosed for exclusive uses under various national laws or policies. Resilience of pastoralist communities to the changing environments – ecological, economic and political – has great potential to protecting and conserving the pastureland landscapes or waterscapes. Such resilience is more talked in context of climate change and its impact on the herder communities surviving in marginal environments. In the view of widespread regional and national policy failures and modernity-catalyzed societal rejection of transhumance and nomadic pastoralism, International Year of Rangelands and Pastoralists 2026 declared by the United Nations General Assembly is a grand opportunity for all to revitalize the least-external-input driven systems of livestock raising and mobility across the continents. This international blind peer-review journal, ‘Pastures & Pastoralism’, will contribute to the science, policy and practice across the world by providing a novel platform to seasoned, budding and young scientists, experts and practitioners, including the pastoral community members.
Ayman Balla Mustafa*1, Asim Faraz2
1Therapeutic Nutrition Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Misurata University, P.O. Box 2478, Misurata, Libya.
Email: email@example.com | ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0606-784X
2Department of Livestock and Poultry Production, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org | ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0589-1397
Pastures & Pastoralism, 01, 93-113. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/pp0106
Received: 18 November 2022
Reviewed: 28 December 2022
Revised: 21 February 2023
Accepted: 19 March 2023
Published: 07 April 2023
Camels are vital to the daily life of all desert dwellers, especially Bedouins, for whom they form a source of food, a means of transportation and recreation. To appreciate the unique contribution that Arabian camels make towards the community life and the history of the desert lands, in this paper, the pastoral production systems observed across three major regions - Butana, Kordofan and Darfur - are discussed. The field survey based study was conducted from August 2011 to May 2014 using structured interview method to determine the limitations and challenges faced by camel pastoral community in main camel production regions of Sudan. The results revealed that the average of calving interval was 30 months; male camel is rutting for 3 months during rainy season. She-camel gives birth to 6-8 calves throughout the life. The average milk yield was 3 liters per day with the lactation period extended to more than 10 months. The calf is weaned for 10 months or more. Social prestige and continuity of traditional heritage are the major reasons for keeping animals rather than economic revenue. However, it was found that the security issues are limiting camel breeding practices and pastoralists’ movement in the semi-desert and mountain regions. Internal conflicts between farmers and pastoralists that often develop into tribal wars also affected pastoral production systems. Such constraints in addition to the lack of government support and favorable policies present major challenges to camel pastoral system in the region.
Challenges; Camel; Mountain; Pastoralist; Pastoralism; Sudan
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Mustafa, A. B., & Faraz, A. (2023). Camel Systems and Pastoralists’ Lifestyle in Semi-Deserts and Mountains: Constraints and Challenges. Pastures & Pastoralism, 01, 93-113. https://doi.org/10.33002/pp0106
Mustafa, A.B. and Faraz, A. (2023). Camel Systems and Pastoralists’ Lifestyle in Semi-Deserts and Mountains: Constraints and Challenges. Pastures & Pastoralism, 01: 93-113. https://doi.org/10.33002/pp0106
Mustafa A.B., Faraz, A. Camel Systems and Pastoralists’ Lifestyle in Semi-Deserts and Mountains: Constraints and Challenges. Pastures & Pastoralism, 2023, 01, 93-113. https://doi.org/10.33002/pp0106
Mustafa, Ayman Balla, Faraz, Asim. 2023. “Camel Systems and Pastoralists’ Lifestyle in Semi-Deserts and Mountains: Constraints and Challenges”. Pastures & Pastoralism, 01: 93-113. https://doi.org/10.33002/pp0106
Mustafa, Ayman Balla and Asim Faraz. 2023. “Camel Systems and Pastoralists’ Lifestyle in Semi-Deserts and Mountains: Constraints and Challenges”. Pastures & Pastoralism, 01: 93-113. https://doi.org/10.33002/pp0106
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