Pastures & Pastoralism

(ISSN: 2817-3457; CODEN: PPAAC2; DOI: 10.33002/pp) is an international, scientific double blind peer-reviewed open access journal published annually (once a year) online by The Grassroots Institute.

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VOLUME 1 (2023) | Pastures & Pastoralism

Gradually, pasturelands are being converted into other land uses or enclosed for exclusive uses under various national laws or policies. Resilience of pastoralist communities to the changing environments – ecological, economic and political – has great potential to protecting and conserving the pastureland landscapes or waterscapes. Such resilience is more talked in context of climate change and its impact on the herder communities surviving in marginal environments. In the view of widespread regional and national policy failures and modernity-catalyzed societal rejection of transhumance and nomadic pastoralism, International Year of Rangelands and Pastoralists 2026 declared by the United Nations General Assembly is a grand opportunity for all to revitalize the least-external-input driven systems of livestock raising and mobility across the continents. This international blind peer-review journal, ‘Pastures & Pastoralism’, will contribute to the science, policy and practice across the world by providing a novel platform to seasoned, budding and young scientists, experts and practitioners, including the pastoral community members.

VOLUME 1, (2023)

M – 00337Research Article

The Traditional Sheep Penning System: An Exploratory Study on Farmers’ Preferences, Farmer-Pastoralist Relationships and Economics of Sheep Penning in Telangana, India

Kanna Kumar Siripurapu

South Asia Consortium for Interdisciplinary Water Resources Studies, Plot No. 164, Road No. 6, Vayupuri, Sainikpuri, Secunderabad - 500094, Telangana, India.

Email: | ORCID:

Pastures & Pastoralism, 01, 64-92. Doi:

Received: 30 December 2022

Reviewed: 21 January 2023

Revised: 28 February 2023

Accepted: 15 March 2023

Published: 07 April 2023


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Penning of livestock especially in the southern Indian peninsula can be traced back to the Neolithic age. The presence of ‘Ashmounds’ across most parts of the southern Indian peninsula indicates a complex agro-pastoral economy flourishing since the Neolithic era. Contemporary studies on sheep penning in India, however, remain mainly focused on its contribution to soil fertility and relevance to organic farming and economics, but very few studies have focussed on the farmers’ preference for sheep penning, farmer-pastoralist relationships and sheep penning economy in the backdrop of a rapidly changing agriculture landscape in the Telangana state of India. Observations of the study indicate that changes in agricultural practices and decrease in commons have led to changes in the sheep flock size, seasonal migration pattern of pastoralists and farmers’ preference for sheep penning in the study area. Participant farmers of the study, who practice both penning and application of synthetic fertilizer, reported to have incurred relatively lesser input costs than the farmers who exclusively rely on synthetic fertilizers. Penning was reported to be the second major source of household income for the pastoralists who participated in the study, next to the sale of live animals.


Penning; Sheep; Pastoralism; Deccan Plateau; Telangana; Exploratory study


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APA Style

Siripurapu, K. K. (2023). The Traditional Sheep Penning System: An Exploratory Study on Farmers’ Preferences, Farmer-Pastoralist Relationships and Economics of Sheep Penning in Telangana, India. Pastures & Pastoralism, 01, 64-92.

Harvard Style

Siripurapu, K.K. (2023). The Traditional Sheep Penning System: An Exploratory Study on Farmers’ Preferences, Farmer-Pastoralist Relationships and Economics of Sheep Penning in Telangana, India. Pastures & Pastoralism, 01: 64-92. Doi:

ACS Style

Siripurapu K.K. The Traditional Sheep Penning System: An Exploratory Study on Farmers’ Preferences, Farmer-Pastoralist Relationships and Economics of Sheep Penning in Telangana, India. Pastures & Pastoralism, 2023, 01: 64-92.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Siripurapu, Kanna Kumar. 2023. “The Traditional Sheep Penning System: An Exploratory Study on Farmers’ Preferences, Farmer-Pastoralist Relationships and Economics of Sheep Penning in Telangana, India”. Pastures & Pastoralism, 01: 64-92.

AAA Style

Siripurapu, Kanna Kumar. 2023. “The Traditional Sheep Penning System: An Exploratory Study on Farmers’ Preferences, Farmer-Pastoralist Relationships and Economics of Sheep Penning in Telangana, India”. Pastures & Pastoralism, 01: 64-92.

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    Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences-Pilani, Rajasthan, India

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