Journal of Environmental Law and Policy

(ISSN 2564-016X; CODEN: JELPBQ; DOI: 10.33002) is an international, scientific double blind peer-reviewed open access journal published 3 times a year online by The Grassroots Institute.

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Journal of Environmental Law and Policy is an international, interdisciplinary journal that facilitates an understanding of environmental governance, policy and law issues not only by drawing upon and contributing to the environmental social sciences, but also linking the ecosystem health, natural resources, and social sciences. The aim of the journal is to promote communication among academia, government, business and industry, civil society groups, citizens’ action groups, and non-governmental organizations who are instrumental in the solving of environmental problems and grassroots level issues.


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M – 00311Analytical Article

Ending Gas Flaring in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: The Need for Strict Regulatory Enforcement

Dandy Chidiebere Nwaogu

Department of Jurisprudence and International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Email: | ORCID:

Theresa Uzoamaka Akpoghome *

Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Nigeria.

E-mail:, | ORCID:

*Corresponding author

(2022) 02 (03) Journal of Environmental Law and Policy 79-101

Accepted: 15 November 2022

No. of Abstract Views:

Published: 28 December 2022

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Environmental pollution arising from gas flaring constitutes a major concern among the international community, particularly as a result of the negative impact it brings to society, environment, and economy. In the last 60 years, multinational oil companies operating in Nigeria have consistently flared associated natural gas. This paper critically examines the extant legal frameworks for regulating gas flaring within the Nigerian oil and gas industry, as well as other efforts made by the federal government towards ending gas flaring in the country. The effects of gas flaring on the inhabitants of the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria (human and environment) are discussed, then an overview of the challenges militating against ending the menace of gas flaring is provided. The paper contends that unless there is strict enforcement of anti-gas flaring regulations by the regulating agencies of government with stiff punishments and fines for erring oil companies, gas flaring will not abate. Recommendations are, therefore, proffered for combating gas flaring in the country.

Keywords: Gas flaring; Regulations; Effects; Punishment; Challenges; Enforcement


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Dandy ChidiebereNwaogu and Theresa UzoamakaAkpoghome, ‘Ending Gas Flaring in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: The Need for Strict Regulatory Enforcement’ (2022) 02 (03) Journal of Environmental Law & Policy 79-101

Harvard Style

Nwaogu, D.C. and Akpoghome, T.U. (2022). Ending Gas Flaring in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: The Need for Strict Regulatory Enforcement. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 02(03):79-101. DOI:

APA Style

Nwaogu, D.C.,&Akpoghome, T.U. (2022). Ending Gas Flaring in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: The Need for Strict Regulatory Enforcement. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 02(03), 79-101.

ACS Style

Nwaogu D.C.,Akpoghome T.U. Ending Gas Flaring in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: The Need for Strict Regulatory Enforcement. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 2022, 02(03), 79-101.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nwaogu, Dandy Chidiebere,Akpoghome,Theresa Uzoamaka. 2022.“Ending Gas Flaring in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: The Need for Strict Regulatory Enforcement”. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 02 no. 03: 79-101.

AAA Style

Nwaogu, Dandy Chidiebere and Theresa UzoamakaAkpoghome. 2022. “Ending Gas Flaring in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: The Need for Strict Regulatory Enforcement”. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 02(03): 79-101.

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