Journal of Environmental Law and Policy

(ISSN 2564-016X; CODEN: JELPBQ; DOI: 10.33002/jelp) is an international, scientific double blind peer-reviewed open access journal published 3 times a year online by The Grassroots Institute.

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Journal of Environmental Law and Policy is an international, interdisciplinary journal that facilitates an understanding of environmental governance, policy and law issues not only by drawing upon and contributing to the environmental social sciences, but also linking the ecosystem health, natural resources, and social sciences. The aim of the journal is to promote communication among academia, government, business and industry, civil society groups, citizens’ action groups, and non-governmental organizations who are instrumental in the solving of environmental problems and grassroots level issues.


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M – 00234Lead Article

Water, Energy and Food Nexus Interventions: Implications for the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Malawi

Ngozi Finette Unuigbe*

Faculty of Law & Aizenose Promise Ehizojie, University of Benin, Nigeria. Email: | ORCID: 0000-0001-6367-0552

Aizenose Promise Ehizojie

Faculty of Law, University of Benin, Nigeria. Email: | ORCID: 0000-0002-3844-6505

Journal of Environmental Law and Policy (2021) 01(02), 1-34.

Accepted: 27 July 2021

No. of Abstract Views:

Published: 31 August 2021

No. of Paper Downloads:


Malawi faces mounting challenges in meeting the growing demand for food, water, and energy to satisfy the needs of a rapidly growing population. Relying on secondary data, the paper argues that while the existing policy initiatives have increased food production to a certain extent, the demand for water and energy has also increased, leading to degradation of the resource base, and contributing to an increase in water-related diseases. Despite the inherent interconnections between water, energy and food production, agencies often work in a fragmented and isolated way. Poor sectoral coordination and institutional fragmentation have triggered the unsustainable use of resources and threatened the long-term sustainability of food, water, and energy security in the country, posing challenges to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the country. Consequently, this paper substantiates that a nexus approach can enhance understanding of the interconnectedness of the sectors and strengthen coordination among them. However, it requires but it requires a major shift in the decision-making process towards taking a holistic view, and development of institutional mechanisms to coordinate the actions of diverse actors and strengthen complementarities and synergies among the three sectors. The framework for cross-sectoral coordination and managing the nexus challenges is also suggested.

Keywords: Climate Change; Malawi; Water; Energy; Food and Sustainable Development


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Ngozi F Unuigbe and Aizenose Promise Ehizojie, ‘Water, Energy and Food Nexus Interventions: Implications for the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Malawi’ (2021) 01(02) Journal of Environmental Law & Policy 1-34.

Harvard Style

Unuigbe, N.F. and Ehizojie, A.P. (2021). Water, Energy and Food Nexus Interventions: Implications for the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Malawi. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 01(02): 1-34. Doi:

APA Style

Unuigbe, N.F., & Ehizojie, A.P. (2021). Water, Energy and Food Nexus Interventions: Implications for the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Malawi. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 01(02), 1-34.

ACS Style

Unuigbe N.F., Ehizojie A.P. Water, Energy and Food Nexus Interventions: Implications for the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Malawi. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 2021, 01(02), 1-34.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Unuigbe, Ngozi Finette, Aizenose Promise Ehizojie. 2021. “Water, Energy and Food Nexus Interventions: Implications for the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Malawi”. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 01(02): 1-34.

AAA Style

Unuigbe, Ngozi Finette and Aizenose Promise Ehizojie. 2021. “Water, Energy and Food Nexus Interventions: Implications for the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Malawi”. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 01(02): 1-34.

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