Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

(ISSN:2581-6853; CODEN: GJNRA9; DOI: 10.33002/nr2581.6853) is an international, scientific double blind peer-reviewed open access journal published 3 times a year online by The Grassroots Institute.

Impact Factor: exaly

Open Access—free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions.

High Visibility: Indexed in the SCOPUS and Web of Science (Zoological Record, Biosis Previews, Biological Abstracts, Biosis Full Coverage Unique, and CAB Abstracts) and other databases.

Fast Publication: Primary acceptance to the submitted article is given in 1 week time. After consent of author(s), manuscript is peer-reviewed and a first decision provided to authors in 2-4 weeks after submission.

Recognition of Reviewers: The reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports receive vouchers entitling them to a discount on the APC of their next publication in the journal, in appreciation of the work done. Reviewers also receive Certificate for their voluntary service.

VOLUME 7, ISSUE 1 (APRIL 2024) | Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

Coordinated and published by The Grassroots Institute, the Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources (GJNR) is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in natural resources throughout the world. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists, social scientists, policy analysts, managers and practitioners (on all academic and professional levels) all over the world to promote, discuss and share various new issues and developments in different arenas of natural resources.


Download Full Issue [PDF]

M – 00377Research & Analytical Article

Tourism and Recreational Industry for Rural Development in Ukrainian Mountains

Mariia Ilina*1, Fabio Lopes Alves2

1Institute for Demography and Life Quality Problems, National Academy of Sciences, Kyiv, Ukraine; & Western Paraná State University, Av. Tarquínio Joslin dos Santos, 1300, Jardim Universitário, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil.

Email: | ORCID:

2Western Paraná State University, R. Universitária, 1619, Universitário, Cascavel, Brazil.

Email: | ORCID:

*Corresponding author

Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 7(1): 81-98. Doi:

Received: 04 February 2023

Reviewed: 20 May 2023

Provisionally Accepted: 15 June 2023

Revised: 04 January 2024

Finally Accepted: 10 January 2024

Published: 15 April 2024


Review Reports

Editing Work

Ethical Declarations

Download Full Paper [PDF]

Download Full Paper [XML]


No. of Abstract Views:

No. of Full Paper Views:

No. of Paper Downloads:


This article addresses how to develop national and local policy on tourism and recreation in mountainous rural areas considering the recreational capacity, demographic patterns and economic situations, with an emphasis on local livelihoods. Management of recreational natural resources is an integral component of the national environmental policy. It is considered that the recreational natural resources management is broader than the recreational industry management, since the former covers protection and restoration of the resources. The multiplier economic effect and joint use of recreational resources by various users are the key issues for the industry. Evidently, almost in all the Ukraine’s regions, accessible recreational resources are not used efficiently enough. In order to evolve an appropriate sustainable tourism policy, a multilevel algorithm is developed on how to classify areas depending on the recreational resources and tourism industry. The algorithm supplies several policy models of the recreational industry’s development, taking into account the types of settlements (urban, rural, intermediate, and mountainous), proximity of settlements to urban centres (urbanized and peripheral), recreational capacity of areas (high, medium, low), and economic efficiency of local recreational industry (productive, semi-productive, unproductive). Accordingly, three types of communities’ development strategies have been suggested. They include the recreational focus, profound recreational industry, and recreations for locals. The novelty of this research is that it presents the approach on how to assess the capacity of local recreational recourses and the industry. The multilevel algorithm is proposed to classify areas and define better approaches for the local policies.


Recreational natural resources; Recreation-and-tourism industry; Recreational capacity; Mountainous area; Algorithm


Abbas, J. and Sagsan, M. (2019). Impact of knowledge management practices on green innovation and

Baskent, E. and Keles, S. (2005). Spatial forest planning: A review. Ecological Modelling, 188(2–4):

Beidyk, O. (2001). Recreational and tourist resources in Ukraine: methodology and methods of the

Bernini, C. and Cracolici, М. (2015). Is participation in the tourism market an opportunity for everyone?

Bezugly, I. (2014). Imperatives to elaborate the strategy of ecological and economic development of

Bondar, I., Shchoholieva, I., Sokolovskiy, V., Petrenko, N., Maliuga, L. and Tereshchuk, N. (2023).

Borysova, O., Shvedun, V., Sysoieva, S., Butenko, T., Tkachenko, T., Protsenko, N., Moiseeva, O.,

Charles, G. (2019). Coordinating regulatory agencies for improved tourism policy in Tanzania. Journal of

Charnley, S. (2006). The Northwest Forest Plan as a Model for Broad-Scale Ecosystem Management: a

Cherchyk, L. and Mostenets, O. (2016). Mechanism providing competitiveness of the recreational system

Collins-Kreiner, N. and Ram, Y. (2021). National tourism strategies during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Eugenio-Martin, J. and Campos-Soria, J. (2014). Economic crisis and tourism expenditure cutback

He, S., Yu, S., Wei, P. and Fang, C. (2019). A spatial design network analysis of street networks and the

Job, J. and Passler, F. (2013). Links between Nature-Based Tourism, Protected Areas, Poverty Alleviation

Kalaitan, T., Stybel, V., Gutyj, B., Hrymak, O., Kushnir, L., Yaroshevych, N., Vovk, M. and Kindrat, O.

Khalid, S., Ahmad, M., Ramayah, T., Hwang, J. and Kim, I. (2019). Community Empowerment and

Kirkova, N. (2014). Forecasting key trends of the development of tourism industry in Ukraine

Lee, T., Jan, F., Tseng, C. and Lin, Y. (2018). Segmentation by recreation experience in island-based

Massidda, C. and Etzo, І. (2012). The determinants of Italian domestic tourism: A panel data analysis.

Matsola, V. (1997). Recreational and tourist complex of Ukraine [Рекреаційно-туристичний комплекс

Morse, W., Hall, T. and Kruger, L. (2009). Improving the Integration of Recreation Management with

Ndivo, R. and Okech, R. (2020). Tourism Governance in Transition Period: Restructuring Kenya’s

Nientied, P. and Toto, R. (2020). Learning from over-tourism; new tourism policy for the city of

Panchenko, T., Sukach, M. and Golub, A. (2018). Sustainable Tourism Development in Ukraine. Transfer

Pelishenko, V. (2015). Theoretical and methodological approaches to assessing the level of competitive

Pintilii, R. (2022). Forest Recreation and Landscape Protection. Forests, 13: 1440. DOI:

Rudenko, V., Vatseba, V. and Solovey, T. (2001). Natural resources potential of the natural regions of

Rutynsky, M. and Zinko (2006). Rural tourism [Сільський туризм]. Kyiv: Znannia [In Ukrainian].

Schick-Makaroff, K., MacDonald, M., Plummer, M., Burgess, J., Neander, W. (2016). What Synthesis

Seneta, Z. and Dubovich, I. (2022). Development of rural tourism in Ukraine in the context of sustainable

Shubaly, O. (2011). Methodical and applied principles of the integrated assessment of complex use of

Siakwah, P., Musavengane, R. and Leonard, L. (2020). Tourism Governance and Attainment of the

Siroosi, H., Heshmati, G. and Salmanmahiny, A. (2020). Can empirically based model results be fed into

State Statistical Service of Ukraine (2020). Tourism in Ukraine. State Statistics Service in Ukraine, Kyiv.

Stupen, M. and Andrushenko, V. (2016). Territorial attractiveness of natural and recreational resources of

Suarez, M., Barton, D., Cimburova, Z., Rusch, G., Gomez-Baggethun, E. and Onaindia, M. (2020).

Thetsane, R. (2019). Local Community Participation in Tourism Development: The Case of Katse

UN WTO (2004). Indicators of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations: A Guidebook. United

Winter, P., Selin, S., Cerveny, L. and Bricker, K. (2020). Outdoor Recreation, Nature-Based Tourism, and

Yakovenko, I. and Tahan, T. (2009). Essence and specific features of the territorial recreational inequality

Yanes, A., Zielinski, S., Diaz Cano, M. and Kim, S. (2019). Community-Based Tourism in Developing

Harvard Style

Ilina, M. and Alves, F.L. (2024). Tourism and Recreational Industry for Rural Development in Ukrainian Mountains. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 7(1): 81-98. Doi:

APA Style

Ilina, M., & Alves, F.L. (2024). Tourism and Recreational Industry for Rural Development in Ukrainian Mountains. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 7(1), 81-98.

ACS Style

Ilina M., Alves F.L. Tourism and Recreational Industry for Rural Development in Ukrainian Mountains. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 2024, 7 (1), 81-98.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ilina, Mariia, Alves, Fabio Lopes. 2024. “Tourism and Recreational Industry for Rural Development in Ukrainian Mountains”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 7 no. 1: 81-98.

AAA Style

Ilina, Mariia and Fabio Lopes Alves. 2024. “Tourism and Recreational Industry for Rural Development in Ukrainian Mountains”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 7 (1): 81-98.

Cite Factor:
Research Gate:
Google Scholar:
Harvard Dataverse:

Internet Archive:


© 2024 by the author(s). Licensee Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( We allow to freely share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially) with a legal code:

Creative Commons Licence
Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources by The Grassroots Institute is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Based on a work at

Technical Advisory Board

    Technical Advisory Board

    * Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Nachtnebel (Austria)

    * Prof. Dr. Parviz Koohafkan (Italy)

    * Prof. Dr. Sándor Kerekes (Hungary)

    * Prof. Dr. Hafiz Muminjanov (Italy/Tajikistan)

    * Prof. Dr. Uygun Aksoy (Turkey)

    * Prof. Dr. Ahmad Mahdavi (Iran)

    * Dr. Walter Fernandez (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Gordana Đurić (Bosnia i Herzegovina)

    * Prof. Dr. Ermek Baibagyshov (Kyrgyz Repbulic)

    * Prof. Dr. Eng. Gabriela Teodorescu (Romania)

    Executive (Chief) Editor

    * Dr. Hasrat Arjjumend (Canada)

    Associate Editors

    * Dr. Maja Manojlovic (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Ms. Areej Sabir (Pakistan)

    * Dr. Usongo Patience Abaufei (Cameroon)

    Editorial Board

    * Prof. Dr. Suren N. Kulshreshtha (Canada)

    * Dr. Simon J. Lambert (Canada)

    * Dr. Jason MacLean (Canada)

    * Dr. Yuliya Rashchupkina (Canada)

    * Dr. Richard leBrasseur (Canada)

    * Prof. Dr. Bartha Dénes, DSc (Hungary)

    * Dr. Kollányi László (Hungary)

    * Dr. Krisztián Katona (Hungary)

    * Dr. Marcos Frommel (Uruguay/Argentina)

    * Dr. Olena Khrusch (Ukraine)

    * Prof. Dr. Tetiana Fedoniuk (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Evgeniya Kopitsa (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Anastasiia Zymaroieva (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Nadiia Yorkina (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Alla Pecheniuk (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Buryk Zoriana (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Marius Warg Næss (Norway)

    * Dr. Stefano Duglio (Italy)

    * Prof. Dr. Maria-Mihaela Antofie (Romania)

    * Prof. habil. Dr. Cristiana Radulescu (Romania)

    * Dr. Ioana-Daniela Dulama (Romania)

    * Dr. Mihaela Stet (Romania)

    * Dr. Mirela Ranta (Romania)

    * Dr. Radoslaw J. Walkowiak (Poland)

    * Dr. Shafi Noor Islam (Brunei)

    * Dr. Wenresti G. Gallardo (Oman)

    * Dr. G. Prabhakara Rao (India)

    * Dr. Omprakash Madguni (India)

    * Dr. Y. Vasudeva Rao (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Sanjay-Swami (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Vishwambhar Prasad Sati (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Yiching Song (China)

    * Prof. Dr. Lun Yin (China)

    * Prof. Dr. Md. Sirajul Islam (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. Syed Hafizur Rahman (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. M. Aslam Ali (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. Md. Mujibor Rahman (Bangladesh)

    * Dr. Shahidul Islam (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. Dragan Čomić (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Dragojla Golub (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Vesna Rajčević (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Muhamed Katica (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Grujica Vico (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Vesna Tunguz (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Prof. Dr. Branka Ljevnaić-Mašić (Serbia)

    * Dr. Nikola Boskovic (Serbia)

    * Prof. Dr. Afrim Selimaj (Kosovo)

    * Dr. Om Katel (Bhutan)

    * Mr. Jiban Shrestha (Nepal)

    * Prof. Dr. Prasanthi Gunawardena (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. Nishan Sakalasooriya (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. T. Mathiventhan (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. A.G. Amarasinghe (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. Mokbul Morshed Ahmad (Thailand)

    * Dr. Juan M. Pulhin (Philippines)

    * Prof. Dr. Rose Jane J. Peras (Philippines)

    * Dr. Hildie Maria E. Nacorda (Philippines)

    * Prof. Dr. Anirudh Singh (Fiji)

    * Prof. Dr. Engin Nurlu (Turkey)

    * Prof. Dr. Kürşat Demiryürek (Turkey)

    * Izr. Prof. Dr. Matej Ogrin (Slovenia)

    * Dr. Zornitsa Stoyanova (Bulgaria)

    * Dr. Anna Karova (Bulgaria)

    * Dr. Ing. K. Berchová Bímová (Czech Republic)

    * Dr. Fauziah Shahul Hamid (Malaysia)

    * Prof. Dr. Sampson Umenne (Namibia)

    * Dr. M. Surabuddin Mondal (Ethiopia)

    * Dr. Firuza Begham Mustafa (Malaysia)

    * Dr. Safiah Yusmah M. Yusoff (Malaysia)

    * Dr. Chandradeo Bokhoree (Mauritius)

    * Prof. Dr. Ahmed Samy Kamis (Saudi Arabia)

    * Prof. Dr. Hatem Abd El Rahman Saied Ahmed Ewea (Saudi Arabia)

    * Prof. Dr. Mohamed Elhag (Saudi Arabia)

    * Prof. Dr. Yousef Nazzal (UAE)

    * Prof. Dr. Waleed M.R. Hamza (UAE)

    * Dr. Naeema Al Hosani (UAE)

    * Dr. Moetaz El Sergany (UAE)

    * Dr. Manar Bani Mfarrej (UAE)

    * Dr. Nurzat Totubaeva (Kyrgyz Republic)

    * Dr. Eldiiar Duulatov (Kyrgyzstan Republic)

Related Articles

Go to Top