Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

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Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

Coordinated and published by The Grassroots Institute, the Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources (GJNR) is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in natural resources throughout the world. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists, social scientists, policy analysts, managers and practitioners (on all academic and professional levels) all over the world to promote, discuss and share various new issues and developments in different arenas of natural resources.

VOLUME 5, ISSUE 3 (SEPTEMBER 2022)

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M – 00308Research Article

Changes in Chernozem Erosion Resistance Due to the Evolution of Clay Plasma in Western Ukrainian Region

Ihor Papish1, Halyna Ivanyuk*2, Viktor Ivaniuk3

1Department of Soil Science and Soil Geography, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv, Ukraine.

Email: igorpapish@gmail.com | ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5288-7481

2Department of Soil Science and Soil Geography, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv, Ukraine.

Email: ivanyukhs@gmail.com | ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8585-7307

3Department of Agrochemistry and Soil Science, Lviv National University of Natural Resource Management, Dubliany, Lviv region, Ukraine. Email: ivanukv@gmail.com | ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6885-9212

*Corresponding author

Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 5(3): 31-48. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.050303

Received: 16 July 2022

Reviewed: 30 August 2022

Provisionally Accepted: 31 August 2022

Revised: 21 September 2022

Finally Accepted: 24 September 2022

Published: 30 September 2022


                                    

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ABSTRACT

The major problem of efficient agriculture in Ukraine is increasing rates of the water erosion in Chernozems. The aim of this research study is to describe the negative trends in the clay profile for evolution of various Chernozem sub-types, which lead to the reduction of erosion resistance. Cohesion strength between soil aggregates is determined dominating smectite minerals in clay plasma. Disturbing the stable balance between the organic and mineral matter are the main causes of soil disaggregation. Evolutionary changes of Chernozems clay plasma are studied using the methods of chemical and x-ray diffractometry analysis. The processes of de-humification have been destabilized the mineral colloidal complex and smectite-illit dynamic equilibrium in soils. From Haplic Chernozems to Greyzemic Chernozems, the substantial loss of highly dispersive smectite material is observed. The dominance of inactive illite clay in the arable layer of all Chernozems reduce the role of clay plasma in formatting of water-stable micro- and macrostructure. According to the anti-erosion properties of clay plasma, the Chernozems under study is found in the following order: Haplic Chernozem > Greyzemic Chernozem. These properties reduce themselves following the increase in soil hydromorphism stimulating argillification in the middle and lower horizons due to the processes of lessivage and inter-soil weathering. Anthropogenic evolution of Chernozems, when caused by the changes in the silicate fraction of soils, is basically of irreversible degrading nature.

Keywords

Chernozem; Clay plasma; Erosion resistance; Evolution; Soil

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HOW TO CITE THIS PAPER?
Harvard Style

Papish, I., Ivanyuk, H. and Ivaniuk, V. (2022). Changes in Chernozem Erosion Resistance Due to the Evolution of Clay Plasma in Western Ukrainian Region. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 5(3): 31-49. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.050303

APA Style

Papish, I., Ivanyuk, H., & Ivaniuk, V. (2022). Changes in Chernozem Erosion Resistance Due to the Evolution of Clay Plasma in Western Ukrainian Region. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 5(3), 31-49. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.050303

ACS Style

Papish, I., Ivanyuk, H., Ivaniuk, V. Changes in Chernozem Erosion Resistance Due to the Evolution of Clay Plasma in Western Ukrainian Region. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 2022, 5(3), 31-49. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.050303

Chicago/Turabian Style

Papish, Ihor, Ivanyuk, Halyna, Ivaniuk, Viktor. 2022. “Changes in Chernozem Erosion Resistance Due to the Evolution of Clay Plasma in Western Ukrainian Region”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 5 no. 3: 31-49. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.050303

AAA Style

Papish, Ihor, Halyna Ivanyuk and Viktor Ivaniuk. 2022. “Changes in Chernozem Erosion Resistance Due to the Evolution of Clay Plasma in Western Ukrainian Region”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 5 (3): 31-49. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.050303

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Crossref: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.050303
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Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/364730078_Changes_in_Chernozem_Erosion_Resistance_Due_to_the_Evolution_of_Clay_Plasma_in_Western_Ukrainian_Region
Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com.ua/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=uk&user=b2nXYF4AAAAJ&citation_for_view=b2nXYF4AAAAJ:QIV2ME_5wuYC
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ARCHIVE & REPOSITORY LINKS
Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/nr.05-03-03.papish-ivanyuk-ivaniuk
WorldCat: https://www.worldcat.org/title/9654910976

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