Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

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Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

Coordinated and published by the Grassroots Institute, the Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources (GJNR) is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in natural resources throughout the world. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists, social scientists, policy analysts, managers and practitioners (on all academic and professional levels) all over the world to promote, discuss and share various new issues and developments in different arenas of natural resources.


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M – 00251Review Article

Comprehensive Overview of REDD+ in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges

Harish Bahadur Chand*1, Sanjay Singh2, Abhishek Kumar3, Anil Kumar Kewat4, Roshan Bhatt5, Ramesh Bohara6

1Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, India. Email: | ORCID: 0000-0002-3098-152X

2Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, India.

Email: | ORCID: 0000-0003-4668-7808

3Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, India. Email:| ORCID: 0000-0002-4666-3438

4Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, India. Email: | ORCID: 0000-0002-6702-2111

5Institute of Forestry, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. Email: | ORCID: 0000-0002-7426-0097

6Sahid Bishnu-Dhani Memorial Polytechnic Institute, Nepal.

Email: | ORCID: 0000-0002-0586-2748

*Corresponding author

Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3): 185-200. Doi:

Received: 13 August 2021

Reviewed: 31 August 2021

Provisionally Accepted: 03 September 2021

Revised: 17 September 2021

Finally Accepted: 20 September 2021

Published: 30 September 2021


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Climate change is a worldwide issue with detrimental effects on ecosystems and human well-being. Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) is a worldwide policy tool for combating climate change by reducing emissions from the forestry sector and has received widespread attention. Since the program's inception, India has been a strong advocate for REDD+ and its activities. The goal of this research is to evaluate India's current REDD+ readiness. India is the fourth largest CO2 emitter in the world, accounting for 7% of global CO2 emissions. India's emission trajectory shows the country's ever-increasing CO2 emission trend, with an annual average increase rate of 5-6 percent. India has a large geographical area and forest cover, and it holds 7,124.6 million tons of carbon stock. Forests are traditionally managed through a participatory approach, which is similar to REDD+ activities. India has made significant progress toward REDD+ implementation by developing a national REDD+ strategy, enacting consistent laws and regulations, and demonstrating accountability and monitoring of national forest carbon. However, several issues, including forest dependency, community rights, capacity building, policies, and finance, should be carefully addressed to overcome hurdles in REDD+ implementation.


Carbon stock; Participatory approach; Forest dependency; Community rights


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Harvard Style

Chand, H.B., Singh, S., Kumar, A., Kewat, A.K., Bhatt, R. and Bohara, R. (2021). Comprehensive Overview of REDD+ in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3): 185-200. Doi:

APA Style

Chand, H.B., Singh, S., Kumar, A., Kewat, A.K., Bhatt, R., & Bohara, R. (2021). Comprehensive Overview of REDD+ in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3), 185-200.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chand, Harish Bahadur, Singh, Sanjay, Kumar, Abhishek, Kewat, Anil Kumar, Bhatt, Roshan, Bohara, Ramesh. 2021. “Comprehensive Overview of REDD+ in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 no. 3: 185-200.

ACS Style

Chand H.B., Singh S., Kumar A., Kewat A.K., Bhatt R., Bohara, R. Comprehensive Overview of REDD+ in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 2021, 4 (3), 185-200.

AAA Style

Chand, Harish Bahadur, Sanjay Singh, Abhishek Kumar, Anil Kumar Kewat, Roshan Bhatt and Ramesh Bohara. 2021. “Comprehensive Overview of REDD+ in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 (3): 185-200.

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