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Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

Coordinated and published by the Grassroots Institute, the Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources (GJNR) is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in natural resources throughout the world. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists, social scientists, policy analysts, managers and practitioners (on all academic and professional levels) all over the world to promote, discuss and share various new issues and developments in different arenas of natural resources.

VOLUME 4, ISSUE 3 (SEPTEMBER 2021)

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M – 00249Research Article

Assessing Local Vulnerability to Climate Change by Using Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A Case Study of Dipang Watershed in Central Himalaya Region of Nepal

Kapil Dhungana1, Harish Bahadur Chand*2, Dinesh Bhandari3, Abhishek Kumar4, Sanjay Singh5, Ramesh Bohara6

1Institute of Forestry, Pokhara, Nepal. Email: kapildhungana3@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0003-2062-7866

2Forest Research Institute, India. Email: charish0136@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0002-3098-152X

3Institute of Forestry, Tribhuwan University, Nepal. Email: dbforestry94@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0003-1758-0059

4Forest Research Institute, India. Email: abhishek259kumar@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0002-4666-3438

5Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, India. Email: sanjaysingh83@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0003-4668-7808

6Sahid Bishnu-Dhani Memorial Polytechnic Institute, Nepal. Email: bohararammu2015@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0002-0586-2748

*Corresponding author

Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3): 147-163. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040312

Received: 09 July 2021

Reviewed: 31 July 2021

Provisionally Accepted: 11 August 2021

Revised: 27 August 2021

Finally Accepted: 31 August 2021

Published: 30 September 2021


                                    

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ABSTRACT

The current study uses the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change livelihood vulnerability index (IPCC-LVI) approaches to assess household’s livelihood vulnerability in the Dipang watershed located in the Central Himalayan region of Nepal. Primary data was collected through various participatory rural appraisal (PRA) tools such as direct observation, key informant interviews (KIIs), focus group discussions (FGDs) and household surveys. Similarly, data on climatic variables were collected from the nearby meteorological station over 30 years (1987-2018). The mean annual average temperature increased by 0.036°C while the average rainfall decreased by 2.30 mm. Respondents perceived a similar trend of rising temperatures, decreasing rainfall intensity, dryness in the atmosphere, and dwindling water sources. The overall LVI score (0.416) indicated that the households are vulnerable to climate change. Food (0.642) and natural disasters and climate variability (0.566) were the most vulnerable among all contributing factors. Similarly, the overall LVI-IPCC score (0.104) indicated that the households were moderately vulnerable due to high exposure (0.566), sensitivity (0.448), and low adaptive capacity (0.334). The study findings suggest an urgent need to reduce high exposure to climate risks, improved livelihood strategies, and boost agricultural productivity and health in the watershed area.

Keywords

Vulnerability assessment; Climatic variables; Exposure; Sensitivity; Adaptive capacity

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HOW TO CITE THIS PAPER?
Harvard Style

Dhungana, K., Chand, H.B., Bhandari, D., Kumar, A., Singh, S. and Bohara, R. (2021). Assessing Local Vulnerability to Climate Change by Using Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A Case Study of Dipang Watershed in Central Himalaya Region of Nepal. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3): 147-163. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040312

APA Style

Dhungana, K., Chand, H.B., Bhandari, D., Kumar, A., Singh, S., & Bohara, R. (2021). Assessing Local Vulnerability to Climate Change by Using Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A Case Study of Dipang Watershed in Central Himalaya Region of Nepal. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3), 147-163. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040312

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dhungana, Kapil, Chand, Harish Bahadur, Bhandari, Dinesh, Kumar, Abhishek, Singh, Sanjay, Bohara, Ramesh. 2021. “Assessing Local Vulnerability to Climate Change by Using Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A Case Study of Dipang Watershed in Central Himalaya Region of Nepal”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 no. 3: 147-163. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040312

ACS Style

Dhungana K., Chand H.B., Bhandari D., Kumar A., Singh S., Bohara R. Assessing Local Vulnerability to Climate Change by Using Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A Case Study of Dipang Watershed in Central Himalaya Region of Nepal. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 2021, 4 (3), 147-163. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040312

AAA Style

Dhungana, Kapil, Harish Bahadur Chand, Dinesh Bhandari, Abhishek Kumar, Sanjay Singh, Ramesh Bohara. 2021. “Assessing Local Vulnerability to Climate Change by Using Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A Case Study of Dipang Watershed in Central Himalaya Region of Nepal”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 (3): 147-163. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040312

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