Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

(ISSN:2581-6853; CODEN: GJNRA9; DOI: 10.33002) is an international, scientific double blind peer-reviewed open access journal published quarterly online by The Grassroots Institute.

Open Access—free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions.

High Visibility: Indexed in the Web of Science and other databases.

Fast Publication: Primary acceptance to the submitted article is given in 1 week time. After consent of author(s), manuscript is peer-reviewed and a first decision provided to authors in 2-4 weeks after submission.

Recognition of Reviewers: The reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports receive vouchers entitling them to a discount on the APC of their next publication in the journal, in appreciation of the work done. Reviewers also receive Certificate for their voluntary service.

Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

Coordinated and published by the Grassroots Institute, the Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources (GJNR) is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in natural resources throughout the world. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists, social scientists, policy analysts, managers and practitioners (on all academic and professional levels) all over the world to promote, discuss and share various new issues and developments in different arenas of natural resources.

VOLUME 4, ISSUE 3 (SEPTEMBER 2021)

Download Full Issue [PDF]

M – 00247Review Article

The Potential Role of the Artificial Intelligence in Combating Climate Change and Natural Resources Management: Political, Legal and Ethical Challenges

Olena Lozo*1, Oleksii Onishchenko2

1Department of Environmental Law, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

E-mail: aroelmail5@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0002-2789-533X

2Department of Environmental Law, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

E-mail: onishchenko.aleksii@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0002-0369-9334

*Corresponding author

Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3): 111-131. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040310

Received: 01 July 2021

Reviewed: 29 July 2021

Provisionally Accepted: 05 August 2021

Revised: 29 August 2021

Finally Accepted: 03 September 2021

Published: 30 September 2021


                                    

Review Reports

Editing Work

Ethical Declarations

Download Full Paper [PDF]

Download Full Paper [XML]


                                    

No. of Abstract Views:

No. of Full Paper Views:

No. of Paper Downloads:

ABSTRACT

The aim of the article is to study the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in solving current issues of climate change, environmental protection and natural resources management. The advantages and threats of using AI for the development of political and legal parameters for ensuring the safe and effective implementation of technological system, as well as ensuring sustainable control over its functioning and development trends, are analyzed. The relevance of the topic is substantiated by the fact that the legislative basis in this area is at the early stage of formation, while the scale of the impact of AI on all the aspects of social life may be impossible to accurately foresee. A special attention is paid to the analysis of the legal regulation of these issues in the context of European Union and Ukraine. The present work is one of the few that addresses three issues: climate change, the growing influence of artificial intelligence, and the possibility of legal regulation of the use of AI to solve urgent environmental problems without threatening the fundamental human rights and freedoms.

Keywords

Climate change; Artificial intelligence; Environmental policy; EU law; Adaptation of Ukrainian legislation clones

REFERENCES

Andrae, A. (2017). Total Consumer Power Consumption Forecast. Conference: Nordic Digital Business

Andrae, A. and Edler, T. (2015). On Global Electricity Usage of Communication Technology: Trends to

Autodesk (2016). Reimagining the future of air travel. Available online:

Belkhir, L. and Elmeligi, A. (2018). Assessing ICT global emissions footprint: Trends to 2040 &

C3 AI (2019). Baker Hughes, a GE company and C3.ai Announce Joint Venture, June 24, 2019.

Coeckelbergh, M. (2020a). AI Ethics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, pp. 167-

Coeckelbergh, M. (2020b). AI for climate: freedom, justice, and other ethical and political challenges. AI

COMEST (2010). The ethical implications of global climate change. Available online:

Cook, G., Lee, J., Tsai, T., Kong, A., Deans, J., Johnson, B. and Jardim, E. (2017). Clicking Clean: Who

Cornell University (2019). AI helps reduce Amazon hydropower dams' carbon footprint. Science Daily,

Coulombel, N., Boutueil, V., Liu, L., Viguié, V. and Yin, B. (2019). Substantial rebound effects in urban

Crawford, K. and Joler, V. (2018). Anatomy of an AI System: The Amazon Echo as an anatomical map

Crutzen, P.J. (2006). The “Anthropocene”. In: Ehlers E. and Krafft T. (eds), Earth System Science in the

Dignum, V. (2019). Responsible Artificial Intelligence: How to Develop and Use AI in a Responsible

Dobbe, R. and Whittake, M. (2019). AI and Climate Change: How they’re connected, and what we can

Duff, A.S. (2015). Information Society. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences

European Commission (2018a). EU Declaration on Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence. Available

European Commission (2018b). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the

European Commission (2018c). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the

European Commission (2019). A definition of Artificial Intelligence: main capabilities and scientific

European Commission (2019a). Ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI. Available online:

European Commission (2020a). Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (Unit A.1). Available online:

European Commission (2020b). White Paper on Artificial Intelligence: a European approach to

European Commission (2020c). Commission Report on safety and liability implications of AI, the

European Parliament (2017). Resolution of 16 February 2017 with recommendations to the Commission

European Parliament (2020a). Resolution of 20 October 2020 on intellectual property rights for the

European Parliament (2020b). Resolution of 20 October 2020 with recommendations to the Commission

European Parliament (2020c). Resolution of 20 October 2020 with recommendations to the Commission

Fedorov, M. (2020). By developing the sphere of artificial intelligence, we ensure Ukraine's

Feindor-Schmidt, U. (2020). Regulation of Artificial Intelligence in Europe - What’s in the pipeline?

Filippova, A. (2021). Current security issues in the information society. SHS Web of Conferences, 109, n.

Floridi, L., Cowls, J., Beltrametti, M., Chatila, R., Chazerand, P., Dignum, V., Luetge, C., Madelin, R.,

Gardner, A.V.D.L. (1984). An artificial intelligence approach to legal reasoning. Thesis (Ph.D.), Stanford

Gates, B. (2020). ‘COVID-19 is awful. Climate change could be worse’ The blog of Bill Gates, August

Gent, E. (2020). This ‘Once-For-All’ Neural Network Could Slash AI’s Carbon Footprint.

Giles, M. (2019). Is AI the Next Big Climate-Change Threat? We Haven’t a Clue. MIT Technology

Guzman, A. (2021). Race After Technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim Code. Information,

Hao, K. (2019). Here are 10 ways AI could help fight climate change. MIT Technology Review, June 20,

Hazas, M., Morley, J., Bates, O. and Friday, A. (2016). Are there limits to growth in data traffic?: On

Hern, A. (2018). Bitcoin’s Energy Usage Is Huge – We Can’t Afford to Ignore It. The Guardian, January

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2018). An IPCC special report on the impacts of

Ise, T. and Oba, Y. (2019) Forecasting Climatic Trends Using Neural Networks: An Experimental Study

Kates-Harbeck, J., Svyatkovskiy, A. and Tang, W. (2019). Predicting disruptive instabilities in controlled

Kirchgaessner, S. (2019). Revealed: Google made large contributions to climate change deniers. The

Madiega, T. (2019). EU guidelines on ethics in artificial intelligence: Context and implementation.

Martins, N.R.B., Angelica, A., Chakravarthy, K., Svidinenko, Y., Boehm, F.J., Opris, I., Lebedev, M.A.,

Martsenko, N. (2019) Legal regime of artificial intelligence in civil law. Aktualʹni problemy

Matheson, R. (2020). Reducing the carbon footprint of artificial intelligence. MIT News, April 23, 2020.

McGlade, C. and Ekins, P. (2015). The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unused when limiting

McGovern, A., Elmore, K., Gagne, D., Haupt, S., Karstens, C., Lagerquist, R., Smith, T. and Williams, J.

McQuade, S. and Monteleoni, C. (2012). Global Climate Model Tracking Using Geospatial

Microsoft News Center (2018). Microsoft demonstrates the power of AI and Cloud to Oil and Gas

Mitchell, A., Dokei, T., Hickman, T. and Albagli, D. (2020). Regulation of Artificial Intelligence in

Monteleoni, C., Schmidt, G., Saroha, S. and Asplund, E. (2011). Tracking climate models. Statistical

Mulvaney, K. (2019). Climate change report card: These countries are reaching targets. National

Muraleedharan, S. (2021). Role of Artificial Intelligence in Environmental Sustainability. EcoMENA,

OECD (2019). Recommendation of the Council on Artificial Intelligence. OECD Legal Instruments.

Parliament of Ukraine (2018). On approval of the Concept of development of the digital economy and

Parliament of Ukraine (2020). The concept of artificial intelligence development in Ukraine. Available

Pearce, F. (2018). Energy Hogs: Can World’s Huge Data Centers Be Made More Efficient? Yale

Pozova, D. (2017). Prospects of legal regulation of artificial intelligence under EU legislation. Chasopys

Raban, D., Gordon, A. and Geifman, D. (2011). The Information Society. Information, Communication

Radutnyi, A. (2018). Subjectivity of artificial intelligence in criminal law. Pravo Ukrayiny, 1: 123-136.

Rasp, S., Pritchard, M. and Gentine, P. (2018). Deep learning to represent sub-grid processes in climate

Rissland, E., Ashley K. and Loui R., (2003). AI and Law: A fruitful synergy. Artificial Intelligence, 150

Ritchie, H. (2019). Number of People in the World Without Electricity Falls Below One Billion. Our

Roach, J. (2020). Microsoft finds underwater datacenters are reliable, practical and use energy

Rolnick, D., Donti, L. P., Kaack, H. L., Kochanski, K., Lacoste, A., Sankaran, K., Slavin Ross, A.,

Selby, J., Cox, E. and Royston, S. (2016). Impact of Non-energy Policies on Energy Systems. UK Energy

Snow, J. (2019). How artificial intelligence can tackle climate change. National Geographic, July 18,

St. John, J., (2018). Texas Takes a Big Step in Improving Access to Smart Meter Data. Greentechmedia,

Stein, A.L. (2020). Artificial Intelligence and Climate. Yale Journal on Regulation, 37(3): 890-939.

Strubell, E., Ganesh, A. and McCallum, A. (2019). Energy and Policy Considerations for Deep Learning

Thaler, R. and Sunstein, C. (2008). Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth and Happiness.

UNESCO (2019a). An Integrated System for Global Real-time Precipitation Observation using PDIR.

UNESCO (2019b). Artificial intelligence for sustainable development: challenges and opportunities for

United Nations (1992). Framework Convention on Climate Change. Available online:

United Nations (1997). Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate

United Nations (2015). The Paris Agreement. Available online:

United States Environmental Protection Agency (2020). Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

Vos, J. (2009). Actions Speak Louder than Words: Greenwashing in Corporate America. Notre Dame

WMO (World Meteorological Organization) (2019). The Global Climate in 2015–2019. Available

Wolff-Anthony, L., Kanding, B. and Selvan, R. (2020). Carbon tracker: Tracking and Predicting the

HOW TO CITE THIS PAPER?
Harvard Style

Lozo, O. and Onishchenko, O. (2021). The Potential Role of the Artificial Intelligence in Combating Climate Change and Natural Resources Management: Political, Legal and Ethical Challenges. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3): 111-131. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040310

APA Style

Lozo, O., & Onishchenko, O. (2021). The Potential Role of the Artificial Intelligence in Combating Climate Change and Natural Resources Management: Political, Legal and Ethical Challenges. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3), 111-131. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040310

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lozo, Olena, Onishchenko, Oleksii. 2021. “The Potential Role of the Artificial Intelligence in Combating Climate Change and Natural Resources Management: Political, Legal and Ethical Challenges”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 no. 3: 111-131. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040310

ACS Style

Lozo O., Onishchenko O. The Potential Role of the Artificial Intelligence in Combating Climate Change and Natural Resources Management: Political, Legal and Ethical Challenges. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 2021, 4 (3), 111-131. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040310

AAA Style

Lozo, Olena and Oleksii Onishchenko. 2021. “The Potential Role of the Artificial Intelligence in Combating Climate Change and Natural Resources Management: Political, Legal and Ethical Challenges”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 (3): 111-131. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040310

ABSTRACTING LINKS
Crossref: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040310
EuroPub: Server Error
Scilit: https://www.scilit.net/article/92696628c87dc6dc848c0fcb72788a7b
Publons: https://publons.com/publon/49767855/
SSRN: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3951302
DRJI: Server Error
Cite Factor: https://www.citefactor.org/article/index/205838/the-potential-role-of-the-
artificial-intelligence-in-combating-climate-change-and-natural-resources-
management-political-legal-and-ethical-challenges#.YXgF8BpBzIU
Academia.edu: https://www.academia.edu/60148124/The_Potential_Role_of_the_Artificial
_Intelligence_in_Combating_Climate_Change_and_Natural_Resources_
Management_Political_Legal_and_Ethical_Challenges
Dimensions: https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1141867305?and_facet_
source_title=jour.1365442
ZENODO: https://zenodo.org/record/5604505#.YXltap5BzIU
OpenAIRE: https://explore.openaire.eu/search/publication?pid=10.33002%2Fnr2581.6853
.040310
Scribd: https://www.scribd.com/document/535197516/The-Potential-Role-of-the-
Artificial-Intelligence-in-Combating-Climate-Change-and-Natural-Resources-
Management-Political-Legal-and-Ethical-Challenge
ScienceGate: https://www.sciencegate.app/document/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040310
J-Gate:
Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/355266443_The_Potential_Role_of
_the_Artificial_Intelligence_in_Combating_Climate_Change_and_Natural_
Resources_Management_Political_Legal_and_Ethical_Challenges
Google Scholar:
FAO-AGRIS:

ARCHIVE & REPOSITORY LINKS
Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/nr.04-03-10.lozo.onishchenko
WorldCat:

ARTICLE METRICS

© 2021 by the author(s). Licensee Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). We allow to freely share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially) with a legal code: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.

Creative Commons Licence
Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources by The Grassroots Institute is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Based on a work at www.grassrootsjournals.org.

Technical Advisory Board

    Technical Advisory Board

    * Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Nachtnebel (Austria)

    * Prof. Dr. Parviz Koohafkan (Italy)

    * Prof. Dr. Hafiz Muminjanov (Italy/Tajikistan)

    * Prof. Dr. Uygun Aksoy (Turkey)

    * Prof. Dr. Ahmad Mahdavi (Iran)

    * Dr. Walter Fernandez (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Gordana Đurić (Bosnia i Herzegovina)

    * Prof. Dr. Ermek Baibagyshov (Kyrgyz Repbulic)

    * Prof. Dr. Eng. Gabriela Teodorescu (Romania)

    Editor-in-Chief

    * Prof. Dr. G. Poyyamoli (India)

    Executive Editor

    * Dr. Hasrat Arjjumend (Canada)

    Associate Editors

    * Dr. Maja Manojlovic (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    Editorial Board

    * Prof. Dr. Suren N. Kulshreshtha (Canada)

    * Dr. Simon J. Lambert (Canada)

    * Dr. Jason MacLean (Canada)

    * Dr. Yuliya Rashchupkina (Canada)

    * Dr. Richard leBrasseur (Canada)

    * Dr. Charlie Greg Sark (Canada)

    * Dr. Marcos Frommel (Uruguay/Argentina)

    * Prof. Dr. Tetiana Fedoniuk (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Evgeniya Kopitsa (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Anastasiia Zymaroieva (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Nadiia Yorkina (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Marius Warg Næss (Norway)

    * Dr. Stefano Duglio (Italy)

    * Dr. Maria-Mihaela Antofie (Romania)

    * Dr. Ioana-Daniela Dulama (Romania)

    * Dr. Mihaela Stet (Romania)

    * Dr. Radoslaw J. Walkowiak (Poland)

    * Dr. Mahani Haji Hamdan (Brunei)

    * Dr. Shafi Noor Islam (Brunei)

    * Dr. Wenresti G. Gallardo (Oman)

    * Dr. G. Prabhakara Rao (India)

    * Dr. Omprakash Madguni (India)

    * Dr. Y. Vasudeva Rao (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Santosh Kumar (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Sanjay-Swami (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Vishwambhar Prasad Sati (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Yiching Song (China)

    * Prof. Dr. Lun Yin (China)

    * Prof. Dr. Md. Sirajul Islam (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. Syed Hafizur Rahman (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. M. Aslam Ali (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. Md. Mujibor Rahman (Bangladesh)

    * Dr. Shahidul Islam (Bangladesh)

    * Dr. Dragojla Golub (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Vesna Rajčević (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Muhamed Katica (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Grujica Vico (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Vesna Tunguz (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Nikola Boskovic (Serbia)

    * Dr. Om Katel (Bhutan)

    * Mr. Jiban Shrestha (Nepal)

    * Prof. Dr. Prasanthi Gunawardena (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. Nishan Sakalasooriya (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. T. Mathiventhan (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. A.G. Amarasinghe (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. Mokbul Morshed Ahmad (Thailand)

    * Prof. Dr. Anirudh Singh (Fiji)

    * Prof. Dr. Engin Nurlu (Turkey)

    * Prof. Dr. Kürşat Demiryürek (Turkey)

    * Izr. Prof. Dr. Matej Ogrin (Slovenia)

    * Dr. Zornitsa Stoyanova (Bulgaria)

    * Dr. Anna Karova (Bulgaria)

    * Dr. Ing. K. Berchová Bímová (Czech Republic)

    * Dr. Fauziah Shahul Hamid (Malaysia)

    * Prof. Dr. Sampson Umenne (Namibia)

    * Dr. M. Surabuddin Mondal (Ethiopia)

    * Dr. Firuza Begham Mustafa (Malaysia)

    * Dr. Safiah Yusmah M. Yusoff (Malaysia)

    * Dr. Chandradeo Bokhoree (Mauritius)

    * Prof. Dr. Yousef Nazzal (UAE)

    * Prof. Dr. Waleed M.R. Hamza (UAE)

    * Dr. Naeema Al Hosani (UAE)

    * Dr. Moetaz El Sergany (UAE)

    * Dr. Manar Bani Mfarrej (UAE)

    * Dr. Nurzat Totubaeva (Kyrgyz Republic)

Share
Related Articles

Go to Top