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Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

Coordinated and published by the Grassroots Institute, the Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources (GJNR) is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in natural resources throughout the world. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists, social scientists, policy analysts, managers and practitioners (on all academic and professional levels) all over the world to promote, discuss and share various new issues and developments in different arenas of natural resources.

VOLUME 4, ISSUE 3 (SEPTEMBER 2021)

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M – 00246Research Article

Biomass Production and Nutrient Accumulation by Natural Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Wild. Ex A. Juss.) Müell. Arg. Clones in a Humid Tropical Area in South India

Kannattuvadakkethil Krishnankutty Ambily*1, Arumugham Ulaganathan2

1Agronomy/Soils Division, Rubber Research Institute of India, Rubber Bard P.O, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Email: ambili@rubberboard.org.in | ORCID: 0000-0002-8814-6463

2Agronomy/Soils Division, Rubber Research Institute of India, Rubber Bard P.O, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Email: ulaganathan.aru@gmail.com | ORCID: 0000-0002-8814-6463

*Corresponding author

Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3): 94-110. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040309

Received: 25 June 2021

Reviewed: 28 July 2021

Provisionally Accepted: 31 July 2021

Revised: 19 August 2021

Finally Accepted: 27 August 2021

Published: 30 September 2021


                                    

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ABSTRACT

Natural rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Wild. Ex A. Juss.) Müell. Arg. is an important commodity crop grown in world over for industrial raw material rubber latex for various products, mainly tyre manufacturing. Hevea propagation is through clones evolved by breeding as cultivars with desired characters. This article presented the biomass and nutrient accumulation of four important Hevea clones viz. RRII 105, RRII 118, RRII 203 and GT1 at 30 years age. Biomass and nutrient concentration of tree components viz. trunk, branches, leaf and root were assessed by uprooting the trees in the field and standing trees using allometric equation. Among the different clones, RRII 118 and GT1 recorded higher biomass compared to RRII 105 and RRII 203. Above-ground biomass (88-93 per cent) varied more than below-ground biomass (7-11 per cent). The high yielding clones had higher leaf and root biomass. Drought tolerant and timber clones viz. RRII 118 and RRII 203 recorded higher K and high yielding clone RRII 105 had higher Ca accumulation. Biomass removal of these clones may lead to deficiency of K and Ca in soil and hence needs the external supplements. The relation of high Ca content and leaf disease of fungal origin is promising for further studies. The higher accumulation of iron and manganese indicated the tolerance of Hevea to these elements and possibility of phytoremediation. The per cent contribution of nutrients to total biomass varied less between clones and was below 3 percent at the age of 30 years and this is evidence of adjustments in proportions of nutrients in Hevea irrespective of clonal variations.

Keywords

Biomass; Nutrient accumulation; Tree components; Hevea clones

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HOW TO CITE THIS PAPER?
Harvard Style

Ambily, K.K. and Ulaganathan, A. (2021). Biomass Production and Nutrient Accumulation by Natural Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Wild. Ex A. Juss.) Müell. Arg. Clones in a Humid Tropical Area in South India. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3): 94-110. Doi: https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040309

APA Style

Ambily, K.K., & Ulaganathan, A. (2021). Biomass Production and Nutrient Accumulation by Natural Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Wild. Ex A. Juss.) Müell. Arg. Clones in a Humid Tropical Area in South India. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(3), 94-110. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040309

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ambily, Kannattuvadakkethil Krishnankutty, Ulaganathan, Arumugham. 2021. “Biomass Production and Nutrient Accumulation by Natural Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Wild. Ex A. Juss.) Müell. Arg. Clones in a Humid Tropical Area in South India”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 no. 3: 94-110. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040309

ACS Style

Ambily K.K., Ulaganathan A. Biomass Production and Nutrient Accumulation by Natural Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Wild. Ex A. Juss.) Müell. Arg. Clones in a Humid Tropical Area in South India. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 2021, 4 (3), 94-110. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040309

AAA Style

Ambily, Kannattuvadakkethil Krishnankutty and Arumugham Ulaganathan. 2021. “Biomass Production and Nutrient Accumulation by Natural Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Wild. Ex A. Juss.) Müell. Arg. Clones in a Humid Tropical Area in South India”. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 (3): 94-110. https://doi.org/10.33002/nr2581.6853.040309

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