Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources

(ISSN:2581-6853; CODEN: GJNRA9; DOI: 10.33002/nr2581.6853) is an international, scientific double blind peer-reviewed open access journal published 3 times a year online by The Grassroots Institute.

Impact Factor: exaly

Open Access—free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions.

High Visibility: Indexed in the SCOPUS and Web of Science (Zoological Record, Biosis Previews, Biological Abstracts, Biosis Full Coverage Unique, and CAB Abstracts) and other databases.

Fast Publication: Primary acceptance to the submitted article is given in 1 week time. After consent of author(s), manuscript is peer-reviewed and a first decision provided to authors in 2-4 weeks after submission.

Recognition of Reviewers: The reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports receive vouchers entitling them to a discount on the APC of their next publication in the journal, in appreciation of the work done. Reviewers also receive Certificate for their voluntary service.


Download Full Issue [PDF]

M – 00198Review Article

Status, Prospects and Challenges for Non-Timber Forest Products Conservation in Nepal: A Critical Review

Pramod Ghimire*1, Nabaraj Pudasaini2, Uchita Lamichhane3

1Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Hetauda, Nepal. Email:

2Ministry of Industry, Tourism, Forest and Environment, Bagmati Province, Nepal. Email:

3Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Hetauda, Nepal. Email:

*Corresponding author | ORCID: 0000-0002-2925-8844

Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(1): 1-16. Doi:

Received: 12 October 2020

Reviewed: 21 December 2020

Provisionally Accepted: 13 January 2021

Revised: 19 January 2021

Finally Accepted: 22 February 2021

Published: 20 March 2021


Review Reports

Editing Work

Ethical Declarations

Read Full Paper Text [HTML]

Download Full Paper [PDF]

Download Full Paper [XML]

No. of Abstract Views:

No. of Full Paper Views:

No. of Paper Downloads:


Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) consist of goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests. The importance of NTFPs for sustaining rural livelihoods, fostering rural poverty alleviation, enhancing biodiversity conservation, and facilitating rural economic growth is well known in Nepal. In spite of these facts, NTFPs have not received the sustained and systematic support. With the gradual rise in population, unsustainable harvesting and depletion of resources, sustainable management of NTFPs has become a challenge. Similarly, the increasing global demand of NTFPs leads to over-exploitation of these resources that further leads to dwindling and adversely affecting the biodiversity. In this context, this paper intends to explore and analyze the conservation status, prospects and challenges for efficient and sustainable management of NTFPs in the context of Nepal.


NTFPs; Livelihood; Sustainable management; Conservation; Nepal

Harvard Style

Ghimire, P., Pudasaini, N. and Lamichhane, U. (2021). Status, Prospect and Challenges of NTFPs Conservation in Nepal: A Critical review. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(1): 1-15. Doi:

APA Style

Ghimire, P., Pudasaini, N., & Lamichhane, U. (2021). Status, Prospect and Challenges of NTFPs Conservation in Nepal: A Critical review. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4(1), 1-15.

ACS Style

Ghimire P., Pudasaini N., Lamichhane U. Status, Prospect and Challenges of NTFPs Conservation in Nepal: A Critical review. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 2021, 4(1), 1-15.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ghimire, Pramod, Pudasaini, Nabaraj, Lamichhane, Uchita. 2021. “Status, Prospect and Challenges of NTFPs Conservation in Nepal: A Critical review.” Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 no.1: 1-15.

AAA Style

Ghimire, Pramod, Nabaraj Pudasaini and Uchita Lamichhane. 2021. “Status, Prospect and Challenges of NTFPs Conservation in Nepal: A Critical review.” Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources, 4 (1): 1-15.

Cite Factor:
Research Gate:
Google Scholar:,5


© 2021 by the author(s). Licensee Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( We allow to freely share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially) with a legal code:

Creative Commons Licence
Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources by The Grassroots Institute is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Based on a work at

Technical Advisory Board

    Technical Advisory Board

    * Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Nachtnebel (Austria)

    * Prof. Dr. Parviz Koohafkan (Italy)

    * Prof. Dr. Sándor Kerekes (Hungary)

    * Prof. Dr. Hafiz Muminjanov (Italy/Tajikistan)

    * Prof. Dr. Uygun Aksoy (Turkey)

    * Prof. Dr. Ahmad Mahdavi (Iran)

    * Dr. Walter Fernandez (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Gordana Đurić (Bosnia i Herzegovina)

    * Prof. Dr. Ermek Baibagyshov (Kyrgyz Repbulic)

    * Prof. Dr. Eng. Gabriela Teodorescu (Romania)

    Executive (Chief) Editor

    * Dr. Hasrat Arjjumend (Canada)

    Associate Editors

    * Dr. Usongo Patience Abaufei (Cameroon)

    * Ms. Areej Sabir (Pakistan)

    Editorial Board

    * Prof. Dr. Suren N. Kulshreshtha (Canada)

    * Dr. Simon J. Lambert (Canada)

    * Dr. Jason MacLean (Canada)

    * Dr. Yuliya Rashchupkina (Canada)

    * Dr. Richard leBrasseur (Canada)

    * Prof. Dr. Bartha Dénes, DSc (Hungary)

    * Dr. Kollányi László (Hungary)

    * Dr. Krisztián Katona (Hungary)

    * Dr. Marcos Frommel (Uruguay/Argentina)

    * Dr. Olena Khrusch (Ukraine)

    * Prof. Dr. Tetiana Fedoniuk (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Evgeniya Kopitsa (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Anastasiia Zymaroieva (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Nadiia Yorkina (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Alla Pecheniuk (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Buryk Zoriana (Ukraine)

    * Dr. Marius Warg Næss (Norway)

    * Dr. Stefano Duglio (Italy)

    * Prof. Dr. Maria-Mihaela Antofie (Romania)

    * Prof. habil. Dr. Cristiana Radulescu (Romania)

    * Dr. Ioana-Daniela Dulama (Romania)

    * Dr. Mihaela Stet (Romania)

    * Dr. Mirela Ranta (Romania)

    * Dr. Radoslaw J. Walkowiak (Poland)

    * Dr. Shafi Noor Islam (Brunei)

    * Dr. Wenresti G. Gallardo (Oman)

    * Dr. G. Prabhakara Rao (India)

    * Dr. Omprakash Madguni (India)

    * Dr. Y. Vasudeva Rao (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Sanjay-Swami (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Vishwambhar Prasad Sati (India)

    * Prof. Dr. Yiching Song (China)

    * Prof. Dr. Lun Yin (China)

    * Prof. Dr. Md. Sirajul Islam (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. Syed Hafizur Rahman (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. M. Aslam Ali (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. Md. Mujibor Rahman (Bangladesh)

    * Dr. Shahidul Islam (Bangladesh)

    * Prof. Dr. Dragan Čomić (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Dragojla Golub (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Vesna Rajčević (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Muhamed Katica (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Grujica Vico (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Dr. Vesna Tunguz (Bosnia & Herzegovina)

    * Prof. Dr. Branka Ljevnaić-Mašić (Serbia)

    * Dr. Nikola Boskovic (Serbia)

    * Prof. Dr. Afrim Selimaj (Kosovo)

    * Dr. Om Katel (Bhutan)

    * Mr. Jiban Shrestha (Nepal)

    * Prof. Dr. Prasanthi Gunawardena (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. Nishan Sakalasooriya (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. T. Mathiventhan (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. A.G. Amarasinghe (Sri Lanka)

    * Dr. Mokbul Morshed Ahmad (Thailand)

    * Dr. Juan M. Pulhin (Philippines)

    * Prof. Dr. Rose Jane J. Peras (Philippines)

    * Dr. Hildie Maria E. Nacorda (Philippines)

    * Prof. Dr. Anirudh Singh (Fiji)

    * Prof. Dr. Engin Nurlu (Turkey)

    * Prof. Dr. Kürşat Demiryürek (Turkey)

    * Izr. Prof. Dr. Matej Ogrin (Slovenia)

    * Dr. Zornitsa Stoyanova (Bulgaria)

    * Dr. Anna Karova (Bulgaria)

    * Dr. Ing. K. Berchová Bímová (Czech Republic)

    * Dr. Fauziah Shahul Hamid (Malaysia)

    * Prof. Dr. Sampson Umenne (Namibia)

    * Dr. M. Surabuddin Mondal (Ethiopia)

    * Dr. Firuza Begham Mustafa (Malaysia)

    * Dr. Safiah Yusmah M. Yusoff (Malaysia)

    * Dr. Chandradeo Bokhoree (Mauritius)

    * Prof. Dr. Ahmed Samy Kamis (Saudi Arabia)

    * Prof. Dr. Hatem Abd El Rahman Saied Ahmed Ewea (Saudi Arabia)

    * Prof. Dr. Mohamed Elhag (Saudi Arabia)

    * Prof. Dr. Yousef Nazzal (UAE)

    * Prof. Dr. Waleed M.R. Hamza (UAE)

    * Dr. Naeema Al Hosani (UAE)

    * Dr. Moetaz El Sergany (UAE)

    * Dr. Manar Bani Mfarrej (UAE)

    * Dr. Nurzat Totubaeva (Kyrgyz Republic)

    * Dr. Eldiiar Duulatov (Kyrgyzstan Republic)

Related Articles

Go to Top