Handling the Peer-Review Process: Our journals are committed to execute a sound and robust peer-review process and intensive qualitative editing process for delivery of quality publications. Varied advertisements, language service, special service, or other commercial interests shall not affect the decision of the editors and reviewers.
Article Withdrawal and Corrections to the Record: If an article is found plagiarised having fake, duplicate or fraudulent data, or showing clear evidence of infringements of ethical codes, the published articles may be considered for withdrawal. The unpublished article is summarily rejected in such cases. Such articles (html, pdf, xml, zip) can be replaced by the content stating the withdrawal of the manuscripts. Minor errors such as typos, textual changes, or clearer statements on the existing contents can be corrected and published as corrections.
Integrity and Quality of Services: Despite very transparent modes, we ensure that all contents of a paper are strictly confidential before publication, meeting standard of archiving and abstracting and timely publication of the accepted manuscripts.
Publication Ethics Statement: In our journals, publication of scientific contents is meticulous, methodical and comprehensive processes that involve fully ethical and qualitative managerial practices. The Grassroots Institute and respective journals take the responsibility to ensure that a rigorous peer-review has been performed, and intensive editorial process is executed, and strict ethical policies and standards are observed for manuscript handling. In cases of plagiarism, fraudulent data, inappropriate authorship credit, and similar anomalies, respective journals handle these misconducts very seriously and our Editors are trained to proceed in such cases with a zero-tolerance policy. To effectively maintain high publication standards, The Grassroots Institute strives to work with editors, authors, peer-reviewers and copy editors on one-to-one bases. The publication ethics, attributed to all journals of The Grassroots Institute, are based on the guidelines of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct. Our all journals follow COPE standards for publication ethics.
What is ‘plagiarism’? The plagiarism includes copying text, ideas, images, or data from another source, even from your own publications, without giving any credit to the original source. It is essential to cite the source if text is reused or copied from another source. The reused text must be between quotes and the original source must be cited. In case, a study's design or the manuscript's structure or language is inspired by previous works, such works need to be explicitly cited. Please note that if plagiarism is detected during the peer review process, the manuscript may be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, we need to publish a correction or retract the paper.
Irregular manipulation in images includes: 1) introduction, enhancement, moving, or removing features from the original image; 2) grouping of images that should obviously be presented separately (e.g., from different parts of the same gel, or from different gels); or 3) modifying the contrast, brightness or color balance to obscure, eliminate or enhance some information. If irregular image manipulation is identified and confirmed during the peer review process, we may reject the manuscript.
The Grassroots Institute is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously.
An Initial Plagiarism Check is carried out for every manuscript submitted to the journals of The Grassroots Institute.
As described above, our journals abide to the COPE’s Code of Conduct. Our all the journals follow the COPE Guidelines and Core Practices as prescribed by COPE. Such core practices pertain to the following 10 contexts:
While publishing our journals, The Grassroots Institute is committed to follow the transparency and best practices as set by the Committee on Publication Ethics, the Directory of Open Access Journals, the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, and the World Association of Medical Editors. The following are the principles of transparency:
In the era of electronic communications, there are ample opportunities of producing fabricated and fictious data. The journals published by The Grassroots Institute fully endorse and conform the most prevalent ethical guidelines and publication standards. Therefore, ethical issues and scientific misconduct (as described in Retraction section) are obviously handled very seriously by our journals. If something serious anomaly is noticed during the process of review, editing or processing of article, the author is asked for clarifications. In case, the clarifications are unsatisfactory, the article can either be rejected before publication or be retracted if already published. The authors can appeal in writing against the Editor's decision on the manuscript.
The Editorial Office of all our journals also check the manuscripts for plagiarism and any fraudulent data prior to the processing of the manuscript before the peer review process. If plagiarism is detected at this stage or latter, the manuscript is rejected and is not reconsidered in any of our journals. In serious issues of scientific misconduct, our editors will investigate the allegations of publication/scientific misconduct (as explained in Retraction section) and may take appropriate action if the allegations are proven. Authors are expected to comply with the best ethical publication practices when publishing in our journals.
Immediately after an article is published online, the Editorial Office informs all the concerned authors to check and verify not only the contents of the published article but also the information placed on the webpages. Within 3 days time, the authors file their corrections wherever they spot and intimate the respective journal, which undertakes those corrections.
Once the issue of the journal is published, if an article has major changes (e.g., in a figure, in conclusions, whole paragraph added, correction of a species name or equation, or addition of missing details about a method, etc.) affecting significantly the scientific interpretation of a paper, an Addendum can be published in the next issue of the journal. In case, crucial results (e.g., missing grant number, additional affiliation, clarification regarding some aspect of methods/analysis, etc.) were unintentionally overlooked or removed from the original text, through an Addendum the original article can be amended with the mentions of the previously omitted results. The Addendum would be published, with the manuscript number of the article.
Why retractions? An article published by a journal by The Grassroots Institute can be retracted only if a scientific misconduct is observed. The scientific misconduct includes data fabrication, data falsification including deceptive manipulation of images, ethical breaches, and plagiarism. Sometimes, the inappropriate methodology compromising integrity of research may also lead to retraction of the published article.
The Grassroots Institute follows the recommendations of the Retraction Guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for retraction. Potential retractions are thoroughly investigated by the Editorial Office with the support of the Editorial Board and final approval by the Editor-in-Chief. There may be circumstances in which no misconduct is proven, but an exchange of letters to the Editors could be published to highlight matters of debate to readers.
There may be circumstances in which no misconduct is proven, but an exchange of letters to the Editors could be published to highlight matters of debate to readers.
In the situation of a complaint of reader against an article’s contents, a reader will approach the Editorial Office or the Editor-in-Chief of a journal. In such circumstances, the Editorial Office may invite the reader to write a short and reasoned Comment on that particular article. After consideration and review by the Editors, the Comment may be published. The Editorial Office may approach the author(s) of the article and invite to prepare a Reply. If the reader’s Comments are substantiated by the authors, the Editorial Office may consequently publish a Correction or Reply.
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